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Monday, 10 March 2014

Unusual volcanic

Craters of extinct volcanoes and passive - round land subsidence caused by ancient volcanic processes. Quite often, they are filled with water, but may be coated, dense vegetation. Because of their inaction, these craters have undergone many changes caused by atmospheric and human factors. Unusual and beautiful volcanic cones, traces of human activity, lush vegetation and colorful crater lakes - the main reasons why many tourists visit these extraordinary sights.Diamond Head

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Rokas Banbridge
This wonderful island is Rocas Bainbridge - a chain of volcanic cones in the south-east coast of Santiago Island, Galapagos. Turquoise lake, situated in the crater of an extinct volcano, is a small marine lake. This is a meeting place for a large number of flamingos that come here to feed. Hico, Mexico Volcano Hiko is located in the southern end of the megalopolis of Mexico City. For a long in geological terms, the length of time this area was underwater, it was flooded by Lake Chalco.Lake began to dry up in the 1300s, and Aztec fishermen settled along the nearby coastline. In the nineteenth century, the government completely drain the lake. Fishermen were awarded grants of communal land and they were able to become farmers. Agriculture has become intense in the 1970s, when corporate agronomists and desperate landless reached illicit agreements with municipal organizations and wrested control of the rich volcanic soil. Thousands and thousands of families went to the area, hoping for a job. Farmers climbed over the rim of the volcano and the crater plowed field. City appeared stretched right up to the crater shafts and probably soon cover it, in 2005 the population of the municipality was 330,000 inhabitants. Molokini Molokini crescent-shaped, partially submerged underwater volcanic crater which forms a small island located in the channel between the islands of Maui Alalakeiki and on Kahoolawe Hawaii. Crater covers an area of 23 acres (93.169 sq. m.), A diameter of about 0.6 km, and is located about 4.0 km west of the National Park Makena. It is a popular tourist destination for snorkeling and diving.Molokini - one of the top 10 dive sites in the world. Molokini crescent shape protects divers from waves and strong current channel. In the crater is located a lush reef with excellent visibility and a depth of 46 meters. Molokini is home to about 250 species of fish, many of which are found only in this place. Islet - State Reserve Seabirds of Hawaii. Seonsan Ilchulbong Seonsan Ilchulbong, also called 'Sunrise Peak', is a typical crater formed gidroizverzheniyami volcano to a shallow seabed about 4000 years ago. Located on the eastern coast of Jeju Island and resembles a giant ancient castle, this crater reaches 182 meters high. Crater of great geological value, providing information about the volcanic and sedimentary processes gidromagmaticheskih volcanoes around the world, as well as helping to examine past volcanic activity of the Seonsan Ilchulbong. This volcanic crater has lush vegetation and is home to six rare plant species. Crater Nabiyotum Nabiyotum Crater Lake is located in southern Terkana in Kenya - this is the largest alkaline lake in the world.Because of its beautiful and unusual appearance this crater lake is a geological wonder. The crater is of volcanic origin, being an extinct volcano. He remained perfectly circular basin, which is quite rare for such geological formations. Nabiyotum crater discovered in 1888 in the south of Kenya's Lake Turkana - the largest in Africa. This lake is still one of the famous attractions of Kenya. In 1997 UNESCO included it in the list of World Heritage sites. Turkana stretches for 290 km long and 32 km wide, with a depth of 30.2 meters. Aogashima, Japan Aogashima - volcanic Japanese island in the Philippine Sea, which is run by Tokyo. The island is located approximately 358 kilometers south of Tokyo. This - the southernmost and most isolated inhabited island of the archipelago Izu. The biggest attraction - Volcano Aogashimy. The island itself is a giant volcanic crater, where there is another, smaller volcano. Island surrounded by very steep rugged cliffs of layered volcanic deposits. South Coast rises to a sharp ridge that forms one edge of the caldera called Ikenosava, with a diameter of 1.5 km. Caldera dominates the island as the highest point.Since 2009, the permanent population of the island was 205 people. Aogashima lies within the boundaries of the National Park Fuji-Hakone-Izu. Santa Margarida volcano Santa Margarida is located in Catalonia, Spain. Volcano in the perimeter covers 2 kilometers), with a height of 682 meters and is part of the Natural Park of Volcanic Zone Garrotxa. Hermit hut Santa Margarida, in whose honor and named volcano, located right in the crater. The building was destroyed by an earthquake in 1428 and rebuilt in Catalonia in 1865. Located in the center of an extinct volcano in Catalonia, though crater opens to reveal a tiny stone hut. There are no buildings in the area of economic distress, only hermitage. Covered with dense vegetation on all sides, oddly shack located on a flat barren land. Region known for its volcanic area and is regularly visited by tourists. Koko Crater Koko Crater - close cone that dominates the area visually Koko Head - cape, which defines the eastern side of Maunalua Bay along the southeastern side of Oahu in Hawaii. In the crater are stables and botanical garden specializing in cacti and succulents. At the Botanical Garden total area is 60 acres. Hot, dry climate here makes this an ideal location for the garden collection Botanical Gardens Honolulu. Wau en Namus This crater is the least known in this list, but one of the most beautiful. Wow-en-Nabus lies deep in Libya and is an extinct volcano.Geographical its location - the center of the Sahara desert. Surrounded by layers of black ash crater keeps a true oasis, where camping is designed especially for the more adventurous, dared to get to these parts.

Diamond Head - the name of a volcanic cone on the Hawaiian island of Oahu. His name was given by British sailors in the 19th century, who mistook calcite crystals in the composition of rocks with diamonds. This crater - a special key landmark for both tourists and local residents. Volcanic cone - State Monument United States. While part of it serves as a platform for antennas used by the U.S. government, and closed to the public, the proximity of the crater to the resorts and beaches of Honolulu, making the rest of the popular destination. Once it was settled first U.S. military garrison in Hawaii, but now there are only some of the services of the National Guard. From 1963 until 2001 in the crater of Diamond Head was the current air traffic control center FAA.
Kelimutu - a volcano on the island of Flores in Indonesia. The volcano has three lakes with different striking colors, the famous colored lake Kelimutu. Tiu Mboup Ata (Lake Old Men) is usually blue and is the westernmost of the three lakes. The other two lakes, Tiu Nuva Muri Koo Fai (Lake of Young Men and Maidens) and Tiu Ata Polo (Enchanted Lake) are separated total crater wall and are typically green or red, respectively. Color lakes vary from time to time.Underwater fumaroles - active probable cause discoloration that occurs in the two eastern lakes.The visitor will never be quite sure what color the water will be when it reaches the top. Unlike other lakes in the crater, where the color change can be predicted, with all Kelimutu is not the case. The colors you see here - blue, green and black (and they predominate), which are sometimes changed to white, red and blue.